Former Minnesota police officer Derek Chauvin faces decades behind bars when he is sentenced in eight weeks.
Bail was revoked for Chauvin, 44, who was convicted Tuesday of second-degree murder, second-degree manslaughter, and third-degree murder in connection with George Floyd’s death last May.
Minnesota sentencing guidelines say a second-degree unintentional murder conviction has a maximum sentence of 40 years, while a third-degree murder charge carries a maximum sentence of 25 years. Someone convicted of second-degree manslaughter faces up to 10 years in prison.
However, criminal lawyer Samuel McCloud explained to the New York Post that Chauvin will only be sentenced for the second-degree murder charge — the most serious count — per state law.
It is also worth noting that Chauvin has no prior criminal history. Per the Star-Tribune, sentencing guidelines recommend less prison time for offenders without a criminal history: 12-and-a-half years for second-degree unintentional murder and third-degree murder; and four years for second-degree manslaughter.
The news outlet also reported Chauvin waived his right to have the jury decide whether aggravating factors were present in this case, meaning Hennepin County Judge Peter Cahill will make the determination. Aggravating factors would increase the length of Chauvin’s sentence.
Derek Chauvin was removed from the courtroom in handcuffs after being found guilty on all counts, second-degree murder, third-degree murder, and second-degree manslaughter, in the death of George Floyd pic.twitter.com/UqwCuqt0jE
— NowThis (@nowthisnews) April 20, 2021
Twelve jurors took roughly 10 hours to reach a verdict on Tuesday afternoon. While the prosecution claimed Chauvin killed Floyd, the defense said the ex-officer used reasonable force and other factors contributed to Floyd’s death.
During the trial, the state introduced several expert witnesses who testified that Chauvin’s knee on Floyd’s neck killed Floyd, not drug use or an underlying heart condition. One of the most prominent experts was pulmonologist Dr. Martin Tobin, who testified that a healthy person would have died under the conditions Floyd was subjected to.
Conversely, one of the defense’s witnesses, retired medical examiner Dr. David Fowler, suggested that carbon monoxide from the police cruiser’s exhaust may have contributed to Floyd’s death.
— BBC Breaking News (@BBCBreaking) April 20, 2021
In his report to the court, Fowler said Floyd’s blood should be tested for carbon monoxide levels. While the prosecution attempted to submit evidence showing Floyd’s levels were normal, the judge determined they did so too late and barred them from referring to the report.
The defense also introduced bodycam footage from Floyd’s May 2019 arrest, which occurred a year before his death. During a traffic stop, officers reportedly discovered several opioid pills and cocaine in Floyd’s possession, and Floyd was hospitalized after allegedly swallowing several pills.
Nelson said the May 2019 and 2020 videos had striking similarities. He claimed videos proved Floyd had a penchant for acting out during arrests and swallowing pills in hopes of being sent to the hospital instead of jail. He also said the videos support the theory that white residue seen around Floyd’s arrest during his May 2020 arrest was the result of Floyd swallowing at least one opioid pill.
On May 25, 2020, Minneapolis police officers were filmed arresting Floyd, 46, on suspicion that he used a counterfeit bill at the Cup Foods supermarket. After police pulled Floyd out of his car and handcuffed him, Chauvin was filmed forcing his knee into Floyd’s neck for more than nine minutes.
Floyd was heard gasping for air and saying he could not breathe before he lost consciousness and died.
Hennepin County’s official autopsy report stated that Floyd’s blood had a fentanyl concentration of 11 nanograms per milliliter. While the medical examiner described the concentration as high and potentially fatal, they stressed that it does not mean Floyd died of an overdose.
The report also stated that there was no evidence “to support a diagnosis of traumatic asphyxia or strangulation” in Floyd’s death. Conversely, an independent autopsy asserted that sustained forceful pressure on Floyd’s neck and back led to his death.
Both the county’s and the independent report mentioned drugs in Floyd’s system. However, both reports listed his cause of death as a homicide.
The defense has argued that a “speedball” — an opioid and a stimulant combination — along with hypertension led to Floyd dying of cardiac arrhythmia. However, the prosecution said video and forensic evidence disproves Floyd was dying from a drug overdose, and that Chauvin’s knee on Floyd’s neck for several minutes killed him.
Chauvin was tried separately from the other three former officers involved in the arrest. Their joint trial is scheduled to begin this summer.
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[Featured image: Court TV via AP, Pool]